is there a difference between asking and telling?

These days testing interactions is getting very common. Mocking tools are becoming a necessary supplement to xUnit libraries precisely to facilitate testing interactions. I cannot imagine writing software without assert() (to test state) and verify() (to test interactions).

I’m about to show that it is very useful to distinguish two basic kinds of interactions: asking an object of data and telling an object to do something. Fair enough, it may sound obvious but most mocking frameworks treat all interactions equally and don’t take advantage of the distinction.

Let’s have a look at this piece of code:

Difference between asking and telling

Before mocking was invented we manually wrote stubs and tests looked like this:

Good old hand crafted stubs

Sometimes I miss those days before mocking. Test code looked so nice… The only problem was that hand writing every stub was quite cumbersome and produced tons of extra code.

Anyway, let’s try to extract a pattern from above test code:

1. when the repository is asked to find “foo” article, then return article
make sure repository was told to delete article

So, to generalize it:

1. stub

Now, let’s put it into words:

Interaction that is asking an object for data (or indirect input) is basically providing necessary input for processing. This kind of interaction is meant to be stubbed before running code under test (exercising the behaviour).

Interaction that is telling an object to do something (or indirect output) is basically the outcome of processing. This kind of interaction is meant to be asserted after running code under test.

Testing interactions like that is more natural and produces better code. Lessons learned from the old ways of testing interactions are implemented in Mockito:

Mockito distinguishes asking and telling


Above approach may seem controversial (quoting interesting para):

Then, when you do verify(…), you have to basically repeat the exact same expression you put in stub(…). This might work if you only have a couple calls to verify, but for anything else, it will be a lot of repeated code, I’m afraid

Basically, the controversy is about repeating the same expression in stub() and verify():

Do I really need to repeate myself?

Do I really have to repeat the same expression? After all, stubbed interactions are verified implicitly. The execution flow of my own code does it completely for free. Aaron Jensen also noticed that:

If you’re verifying you don’t need to stub unless of course that method returns something that is critical to the flow of your test (or code), in which case you don’t really need to verify, because the flow would have verified.

Just to recap: there is no repeated code.

But what if an interesting interaction shares the characteristic of both asking and telling? Do I have to repeat interactions in stub() and verify()? Will I end up with duplicated code? Not really. In practice: If I stub then it is verified for free, so I don’t verify. If I verify then I don’t care about the return value, so I don’t stub. Either way, I don’t repeat myself. In theory though, I can imagine a rare case where I do verify a stubbed interaction, for example to make sure the stubbed interaction happened exactly n times. But this is a different aspect of behavior and apparently an interesting one. Therefore I want to be explicit and I am perfectly happy to sacrifice one extra line of code…


Mockito recognises the difference between asking and telling, hence stubbing is separated from verification. Stubbing becomes a part of setup whereas verification a part of assertions. This produces cleaner code and gives more natural testing/TDD. It doesn’t increase code duplication as one might think. It’s just one of the ideas implemented in Mockito to make the mocking experience a little bit better. It’s not a silver bullet, though. Decent code is easily testable regardless of any mocking tools.

150 Responses to is there a difference between asking and telling?

  1. Recently, I’ve been coaching new team members in the ways of mocking, and a common beginner mistake I see is that they verify everything. If it can be verified, then it will be verified, mostly because the tools make it so easy to do so. And, in an immediate sense, the test writer gets a feeling that “everything I just did works exactly like I think it does”.

    But this quickly leads to over-specified tests. Making one little change in implementation breaks the test, even if the code is doing the correct thing. My mantra is to try not to use verify at all because we value side-effect free code. But if you must use verify, then be sure to verify only that which really matters. If the method under test performs two side effects that are of importance, then there is a high probability that the method is overloaded with too much functionality and should be broken up. Many side-effect bearing methods follow a “get indirect input, then pass it to the indirect output”, which should result in a stub->exercise->single_verify step you’re suggesting. But if a method follows a “get indirect input, then pass it to the indirect output and then pass it to the second indirect output” you’re stuck with verifying multiple collaborators. For me, it’s too complicated and a code smell. The answer is refactoring, not excessive verify calls.

    Nice post!

  2. szczepiq says:

    The ‘verifying everything’ phenomena is quite interesting. The mocking tools offer a feature that is only seemingly cheap. Verifying everything is not cheap but what’s even more unfortunate, most mocking tools by default ‘verify everything’ implicitly (Just try not to specify some interaction then BOOM: UnspecifiedInteractionException).

    Some feedback I received about Mockito:

    There is no verifyAll() method that allows verifying all stubbed calls. I think it can be fixed easily, then I can put verifyAll() in a base class so that I don’t have to type it for every test….

    For many, ‘verifying all’ makes the test safer and seemingly better. It’s not obvious but it is expensive, usually unnecessary, and will bite sooner or later when the tests become over-specified.

    I’ll be looking in the code for your ‘verifying multiple collaborators smell’. It doesn’t sound that bad to me at first (given the test is still small & focused) but I guess it may indicate an overcomplicated code.

  3. nachum goldstein says:

    Please remove the link ‘Israel’s right to exist’ from this page. It has nothing to do with your excellent mockito tool.

  4. […] Once again, Mockito’s author has a great post on the stubbing or verifying debate. […]

  5. “If I stub then it is verified for free, so I don’t verify. If I verify then I don’t care about the return value, so I don’t stub.”

    I don’t agree at all with what is being said here. What you’re basically proposing is to sacrifice correctness of your test code to make it more DRY, that just sounds terribly wrong.

    The simple yet obvious reason being that stubbing is used to decouple tests from each other: You stub out stuff that is not under test, but still, invocations of those stubs may be totally relevant for the object under test.

    Let’s say that you’re testing a method, say,, which you always want to produce some log output (i.e. call Logger.log). So you want to *verify* for that Logger.log is always invoked, but the object under test is A, not Logger, so you stub out Logger.log (to keep the test free of side effects of an object the behavior of which is not relevant for your test; you just want to verify that interaction takes place).

    Stubbing out the method alone does not help: If the developer should accidentally remove the call to Logger.log from, you would have a regression in your code which your test is unable to detect. That’s a bad thing.

    On the other hand, only verifying makes your test very brittle, because suddenly it relies on the correctness of the behavior exposed by Logger, which you didn’t intend to test at all. I.o.w. if Logger should suddenly behave incorrectly, e.g. throws an exception, then your test for fails, although might behave totally correct… that also can’t be right.

    So, no, stubbing and verification are not mutually exclusive concepts, in fact, in most situations you will want to do both.

  6. szczepiq says:

    What you’re basically proposing is to sacrifice correctness of your test code to make it more DRY

    Ok, this is your point of view. The way I see it is I can increase readability and maintainability with the same level of validation. The only thing that I’m sacrificing is maybe error reporting when I used my stub incorrectly (e.g. wrong argument). However, this is something I work on at the moment.

    About DRY – see, in this blog post I’m replaying to other great mocking framwework designer who writes “Mockito means duplicated code”. In fact, I believe that DRY is just one of quite a few benefits of separating stubbing from verification.

    So, no, stubbing and verification are not mutually exclusive concepts, in fact, in most situations you will want to do both.

    You say that because you come from the classic mocking world. Before mocking frameworks developers crafted fakes by hand. I’ve seen such codebases. Hardly any of those fakes did both: stubbing and verification. Developers did the most natural thing: stubbed if needed indirect input, verified for indirect output (using Meszaros nomenclature).

    Also bear in mind that OOD seem to separate asking & telling (e.g. ‘tell don’t ask’ principle) therefore I don’t see anything wrong in doing the same in interaction testing.

    Frankly, I don’t care too much if they are exclusive concepts. I just think testing is better if you acknowledge the difference so I build a framework that facilitates it :)

  7. To that I agree. There is definitely a difference (which was also my point), and I don’t think it’s a bad thing that Mockito distinguishes between both in a clear manner (just to prevent misunderstandings, I prefer Mockito over all other Java based mocking frameworks I have used, you already did an outstanding job on that).

    However I think it’s dangerous to propose that one only ever needs to use one, not both (to be frank, I’d like to see that passage gone from the Mockito docs, but maybe it’s just me seeing a problem with it). So on that I still disagree.


  8. szczepiq says:

    I prefer Mockito


    Mockito docs say: “Although it is possible to verify a stubbed invocation, usually it’s just redundant”. If you have ideas how to make javadocs clearer don’t hesitate to write to our mailing list.

  9. moebius says:

    @stub XOR verfiy:
    I am not sure if this is the point, but consider this example: You write a unit test for a “business logic” class (somewhere between UI and low-level persistence) which uses a DAO. This BL class should use methods of the DAO, depending on your test input. In some cases the parameters will be passed through 1:1, but sometimes these parameters may be altered by the BL class or completely new parameters will be computed. (you dont want to / cannot read the entire source code, but you know the rough specs)

    In many cases, assert() on the retrun value will fail, if the method call (of the dao) is wrong, but imho a failed verify is more expressive then a failed assert.

    1) invoking a deleteBiggest…() twice instead of once
    => return was correct: deleted obj, but due to a wrong if-block, delete was called again
    2) getting the parameter sequence wrong (creating a 1-way relationsship between 2 obj the wrong way)
    => return of the relation was mixed, so data base and program state did not match anymore

    1) no chance in hell finding that w/o verify() or some code coverage tool
    2) a more rigrid stub may have uncovered this as well

    I know especially 2) is more like additional debugging, but if you need to look into someone else’s code / test it, every little bit helps.

    verify seems paranoid / senseless when testing good code, but I prefer writing 1 more verify to reading 10 lines of ugly code.

  10. szczepiq says:

    1) invoking a deleteBiggest…() twice instead of once
    => return was correct: deleted obj, but due to a wrong if-block, delete was called again

    I’m not too worried about this one. I’m putting it in a separate test method that verifies that the biggest is deleted. It’s an interesting behavior and I’m happy to create a specific method that describes it.

    2) getting the parameter sequence wrong (creating a 1-way relationsship between 2 obj the wrong way)
    => return of the relation was mixed, so data base and program state did not match anymore

    verify seems paranoid / senseless when testing good code, but I prefer writing 1 more verify to reading 10 lines of ugly code.

    I agree that if you make a mistake in calling a stubbed method (e.g. wrong args) it’s not going to be immediately visible what’s wrong and some extra debugging might help. I respect you prefer to have a verify() that helps out in this matter. However, there is a feature I’d like to introduce in Mockito that will try to solve this problem. Hear me out let me know what you think :)

    I’d like Mockito to provide extra debugging info only when the test fails. Exception message could potentially contain information like: you stubbed this method this way but you called it with different arguments. Or: you stubbed this method but this stub was not really used at all. The interesting part is that I’d like this extra debugging info to be added to any exception, regardless if it’s NullPointerException from the code or AssertionError from the test. Basically, any exception/error that makes the test fail.

    I guess if Mockito had this, you wouldn’t need to look for too long at 10 lines of ugly code, neither you would need to verify your stubs, right?

  11. philippe says:

    Interesting idea about the messages. But why is it that you want them only to show when the test fails?

    When can such an error occur?
    1) functionality is missing: in that case I would like to see, you stubbed a method but it is not called yet
    2) you wrongly stubbed something: in that case I want to see the error too
    3) you stubbed something, but it is not needed: an error too please

    I might have overlooked something, but I think it is handy if the test would fail on stub configuration errors.

  12. szczepiq says:

    You might be right.

    My reason is somewhere between keeping Mockito not very aggressive and pushing tests to be smarter. Smarter, meaning failing for the ‘right’ reasons. Example: if the functionality is missing, then the failure should somehow point out that… the functionality is missing (e.g. central assertion fails). If the functionality is missing I guess I don’t want a failure like: ‘you didn’t stub me correctly’. I’d prefer: ‘this assertion fails because functionality is missing. By the way: this stub was called with wrong arguments.’

    Unless I’m wrong :) Anyway, if you use Mockito 1.8.0 check out VerboseMockitoJUnitRunner

  13. […] mitico articolo da rileggere ogni tanto […]

  14. […] And of course at the end it all needs to be verified. Which is done by EasyMock.verify. We could even check the outcome. Most of the time you’re tempted to do so, you had to write the return value anyway. Better test if the return value being returned is the same as the method returns right? I think not. Reason: your intention of your test becomes unclear if you assert this as well. And as a bonus you introduce your tests to be more fragile. The unit test becomes now a collaborator test and a value-based test in one. Mockito makes this distinction very clear. […]

  15. […] Verification enables you to test the behaviour of methods with void return but you shouldn’t overuse this feature .. use JUnit’s Assert methods when possible, verify when needed.. more about this topic from the creator of Mockito: Szepan Faber: Is there a difference between asking and telling? […]

  16. Thrawn says:

    In the suggested example case of verifying that Logger.log is called – why would you stub it? To stub it means to set up fake data to be returned, but the ‘log’ methods all return void.

    If you use Mockito to make a fake Logger and verify that ‘log’ was called, then you’ve made a mock, not a stub.

  17. Lakesha says:

    Yesterday, while I was at work, my sister stole my iphone and tested to see
    if it can survive a 40 foot drop, just so she can be a youtube
    sensation. My iPad is now destroyed and she has 83 views.
    I know this is totally off topic but I had to share it
    with someone!

  18. Stephen says:

    I think that everything posted was actually very logical.
    However, think about this, what if you wrote a catchier title?
    I ain’t saying your content isn’t good., however suppose
    you added a title that makes people desire more? I mean is there a
    difference between asking and telling? | monkey island is kinda vanilla.

    You ought to look at Yahoo’s front page and see how they create news titles to grab viewers interested. You might add a related video or a related pic or two to grab readers interested about everything’ve got
    to say. In my opinion, it might make your posts a little bit more
    interesting. Stephen,

  19. Whats up! I simply would like to give a huge thumbs up for
    the good info you have got here on this post. I will likely be coming back to your blog for extra soon.

  20. Very good info. Lucky me I came across your blog by chance (stumbleupon).
    I’ve book-marked it for later!

  21. Anonymous says:

    Hi all,

    “In practice: If I stub then it is verified for free”

    Did I miss something here? I just made a test where i stub a method call which actually is never executed (but I expect it to be). If the above statement was true, i would expect the test to fail but it didn´t. So my stubbing does no verification at all. (using the latest mockito)

    Am I wrong here?

    BTW: Nice post after all, kudos for that ;D

  22. Sunil says:

    Many companies would write it off, since it went on so long and was the cmnoapy’s error. However, if they want they are able to back collect like this.When people were getting the $30 “bonus” each pay period, it doesn’t sound like anyone complained.In the future monitor your paystubs to confirm that they are correct.References :

  23. Betty says:

    This is a most useful coiuribttnon to the debate

  24. Jason says:

    Congratulations on losing the 6lbs. That is aomwsee! Any caffeine (including chocolate), decaf, artificial sweetener or anything sweetened with artificial sweetener will dehydrate you and greatly minimize or even fully negate the effects of the product. But the sacrifice is worth it for the weight loss! Also, you may want to try splitting up your capsules. Have one first thing when you awaken with a full glass of water and then have your breakfast two hours later. Have a second one, an hour before or an hour after your lunch, also with a full glass of water. Splitting them up should help with extending your energy into the afternoon. Be sure and drink 64- 80 ozs of water a day. Healthe Trim is a thermal booster that works off of your system being hydrated.

  25. Lopecinio says:

    I would steer clear of La Croix. Natural flavoring is made from aiitfrcal sweetener if the caloric value of the water is no calories. If the water truly had real lemon, lime, orange , etc. in it, there would be a caloric value. Many companies do not consider sweetener like Stevia or Truvia be artificial because they are from a plant derivative. However we do consider those artifcial because even though from a plant derivative the chemical process they are put through to convert them, makes them artificial. They will dehydrate you and grately minimize or fully negate the effects of your Healthe Trim.

  26. Philipp says:

    Yay! Looks fantastic. I have been rellay enjoying sitting here late at night with the quiet of the house reading your blog. It shows a side of you I knew existed but had never had the pleasure of experiencing fully before.xxxx

  27. Thrawn says:

    If it really is important for your method call to be executed, then either:
    a) its return value is necessary, in which case the test ought to fail without it; or
    b) its side effects are important, in which case maybe you should be verifying it instead of stubbing.

  28. Prasad says:

    Sending out a great big Thank You! to everyone who heepld make Mardi Gras 2012 a huge success! We are so blessed to have such generous supporters. If you didn’t make it this year, you missed out on wonderful Cajun food provided by Cattleman’s Southwestern Steaks and Seafood, friendly bartenders from Pepper’s who served your favorite drinks with a smile, Louis Najar’s awesome DJ’s who kept the dance floor hopping, yummy king cakes by Esparza Bakery and a vast assortment of items in our silent auction.A great big Congratulations! to this year’s king and queen, Tommy and Candice Rincon. This was our 18th Annual Mardi Gras Dinner and Dance and each year it gets better and better. We look forward to Mardi Gras 2013!

  29. Mamoyo says:

    jackie lightfoot, June 21, 2012 at 8:03 pm Hi ZEDI am Jackie Im maerrid to Stephen he has an aquired brain injury.good luck with the event I am hoping to attend the event you aare organising.Best WishesJackie

  30. Nasir says:

    We will take them on a case to case basis. If it is a problem, plaese let us know. It really depends on the timing of the change out and how much water you typically use.

  31. Vladimir says:

    Here in this article we will dicssus on the evolution of wedding ring with the passing time. At talk about France. In France and mostly in French speaking countries three interwoven rings are considered as a wedding ring. These three interwoven rings stand for Christian virtues of faith, hope and love. Here the word love indicates a particular type of perfect disinterested love synonymous to the Greek word agape. This pattern slides off quickly because the rings flow over each other. Women in Greek and Anatolian which consist of most of modern turkey wear and receive puzzle wedding ring.

  32. Kendall says:

    I am just getting back from a 2 week vaitacon, and a little overwhelmed with all that I need/want to do. I love the simplicity of this idea and it served as a good reminder (along with your other post that I just read- decorating with kid’s artwork) that decorating does not always have to be complex or expensive. And these ideas are so much more meaningful than spending loads of money on a fancy piece of artwork, to me anyways:). Thanks for sharing!

  33. Birgul says:

    As a graphic densgier for a large format printer, we run into a lot of pixelated artwork. I would suggest using a scanner to enlarge flat items like envelopes and letters. It may work on things like flowers too. A scanner gives you the option to scan the object in at 300ppi or even 1200ppi. If you’re taking a 3″ object and wanting to blow it up to 3′ scan it in at 1200ppi and this will allow your printer to print your image without pixelation.

  34. website says:

    You know what, I’m very much inclined to agree.

  35. My partner annd I stumbled over here from a different wweb page and thought I might
    as well check things out. I like what I see soo
    now i’m following you. Look forward to going over your
    web page for a second time.

  36. That’s a clever answer to a tricky question

  37. Piotr says:

    that if it didn’t work I would pay for it, so she had nothing to lose and that cocnvined her. That was a year and five months ago, it worked and she is no longer a smoker, she has never has the urge to smoke since she quit using Smoke Deter, that’s a fact and it’s the only manufactured goods she tried that she’s pleased to tell others about.Smoke Deter is an herbal based liquid oral spray that is used 3 times a day, this is also supplemented with herbal pills which when combined is very effective at reducing your nicotine cravings. How quickly it works depends on the extent of your habit, it can work as quickly as 2 weeks or may take 3 months, regardless of the time, your health is worth the effort to kick your smoking habit.It’s worth noting that Smoke Deter is safe, natural and has no known side effect and no known drug interactions. It’s greatly rated on many stop-smoking manufactured goods review sites, often with real testimonials from people that have also kicked the smoking habit using it. So I am not the only one that knows Smoke Deter gets the desired result.Smoke Deter also offers a lifetime free membership support program, so you are never on your own, help is available 24 hours a day if you feel the need, like if your resolve is weakening. Here is also a free Stop Smoking Repose Audio MP3 available, it might not be for everybody but my friend said it was certainly a help to her, it altered the way she thought about smoking. That’s what I like about Smoke Deter it changes your whole attitude to smoking, it works on your mind as well as your body. Unfortunately I’ve seen the hurt smoking has done within my own family and also in my group of friends, consequently I’m fully aware just how hard it is to stop smoking without some kind of help. I’ve seen first hand how Smoke Deter helped my friend quit smoking and so it’s not surprising she can’t say enough about it. So if this article brings Smoke Deter to your attention and as a result helps you kick the smoking habit, then for me writing about it has been worthwhile.So if you’ve been wondering if these quit smoking products work, well I guess some do and some don’t, but one that has my recommendation is Smoke Deter, I’ve personally seen it work when other methods failed. I’m pleased to pass that information on so that others looking for a safe natural way to quit can try Smoke Deter if they wish.If you would like more helpful information on Smoke Deter or other free quit smoking information, you may like to the source link below It seems to confirm some of my observations and is dedicated to helping smokers improve their health, fitness and beat the smoking habit.161

  38. Archie says:

    2ddeach and every single usage conecetnd conventional alfredia Louboutin designer realizes that the normal Louboutin has factors like company double G pony and part design. alfredia Louboutin comes with become buy one of 1 of the single most efficiently-proven designer one of modern life-style for their diversity of figures of spectacular high class, Luxury and moreover desirable. as we know, alfredia Louboutin designer encompasses the broad range of efficiently-proven suppliers which can be adored with an brilliant availability of design daughters along the affect of alfredia Louboutin footwear types, alfredia Louboutin pouches and moreover wrist Louboutin watches and also so on.199

  39. Ray says:

    If you leave a poll up and running a lttile longer you might get a few more votes That last poll (nib size) seems to have ended before even a week had passed.

  40. Lenilson says:

    This was one of my favorite ideas from Blueprint. I still have the artlcie saved in my artwork inspiration file. I seem to remember a great portrait of a dachshund blown up and hanging over a sofa. Loved that. That letter is pretty awesome too. Thanks Jenny for the great reminder!

  41. Dominic says:

    That’s is freaking cool !I’m not a gripsaht at all but I wanted to be able to print those tickets on a 3.5 long at 300dpi but when I scale it, It doesn’t stay beautiful.. could you help me ? I want to do edible tickets on a cookie :) That would be awesome !

  42. Claudio says:

    In a 30 % tax bracket, that suggsets a $1,000 investment in a standard IRA would only net a $700 investment in a Roth IRA. Although you’ve got to pay taxes on the first contribution ( just as you would for any non-retirement investment account ), all of the expansion of that contribution is free from taxes. Considering the indisputable fact that the bulk of the funds in your IRA account will be from the expansion of, and interest paid on, your investments you may finish up avoiding taxes on a lot of your retirement funds.

  43. Suchita says:

    I do not even know how I ended up here, but I thought this post was good. I don’t know who you might be but diefnitely you are going to a famous blogger if you aren’t already Cheers!… Heya i am for the first time here. I found this board and I find It genuinely beneficial & it helped me out a lot. I hope to give something back and aid others like you aided me….

  44. Anabela says:

    totally inspired by this – the blow up of that elvneope is simply stunning. As a former h.s.history teacher and generally sappy/sentimental gal, I am going for this in a major way. Can’t wait to experiment!

  45. Rooya says:

    Hhmhm Orman my man, please tell me how do you made this fine piece of awmoeseness :PDid you make a rectangle and then carv out the curves with the pen tool?Btw, love it as always :P

  46. Tefa says:

    Thanks alot – your answer solved all my problems after several days stnrugligg

  47. Heck yeah this is exactly what I needed.

  48. link says:

    Hey, killer job on that one you guys!

  49. There is nothing quite like wearing an outstanding wristwatch. The sleek lines, clean looks, and palpable craftsmanship could inspire confidence, highlight an outfit, and project an graphic of success and good taste. A Seiko watch may be a prized possession because connected with its reputation for level of quality? Seiko is one of very few watchmakers who build all of their watch movements within house; such important details aren’t outsourced. But it is over quality that has assigned the Seiko watch its lasting appeal; Seiko has long been at the forefront of technology as well. Not one to trust in the same looks and functions every single year, Seiko constantly raises this bar on their efficiency, and the current crop of watches is not any exception.
    [url=][/url] 安心の正規品保証!【送料無料】シチズン エクシード CITIZEN EXCEED エコドライブ ソーラー 腕時計 メンズ 年差±10秒 薄型モデル AR4000-55A【シチズン エクシード 新作】
    [url=][/url] グランドセイコー GRAND SEIKO 腕時計 クォーツ SBGX055【正規品】【送料無料】
    In was in 1924 that the first Seiko watch was built, and in the ages since Seiko has established a reputation to the highest quality timepieces at prices that span your spectrum; from very expensive to reasonable. Branching out from very humble beginnings in Japan, Seiko is now a worldwide presence on people wrists and as the official timekeepers with major sporting events all over the world; from the Olympic Mmorpgs to World Cup football.Sometimes part of that image is the amount of money you spent to wear a watch with a name for instance Rolex on it; it is no secret what amount watches like that can cost. However, for those with much less ostentatious tastes? yet with an attention for quality? there are more reasonable options.

  50. Hi, I think your blog may be having browser compatibility
    problems. When I take a look at your website in Safari, it looks fine however, when opening
    in I.E., it has some overlapping issues. I just wanted to give you a
    quick heads up! Apart from that, wonderful website!

  51. Have you ever considered publishing an ebook or guest authoring
    on other websites? I have a blog centered on the same subjects you discuss and would love to have you share some stories/information.
    I know my visitors would appreciate your work. If you are even
    remotely interested, feel free to shoot me an e-mail.

  52. Nona says:

    Their various evaluations in Best’s Insurance Reviews and also additional reporting QuotesChimp. Don’t forget, Greatest’s is in check your local library, however, your broker ought to possess a duplicate in her or his workplace also. If 2 really are An or An One plus inc is ab, you probably will not prefer to decide on the reduced-ranked one. Naturally, nothing is complete. On occasion a reduced-ranked corporation provides you with an improved purchase or rewards. Such instances be absolutely certain the accessories you get are worth the potential hazard of selecting an underwriter that is certainly not as fiscally safe.

  53. Kamren says:

    If QuotesChimp cannot convince an auto insurance company to sell you a policy, you will be forced into the netherworld of what the industry calls the shared market. Every state provides some mechanism of guaranteeing access to the purchase of auto in�surance through these shared markets. There’s one other thing that is also almost guaranteed in these shared markets: the cost will be much higher than for a regularly issued policy. There are four different types of shared markets.

  54. Wasze Filmy Twoje filmy i seriale online za online za free.
    Premiery zapowiedzi seriali. Nowości kinowe i wiele innych.

  55. Arkadiy Belousov says:

    I find that verify() and when() together are indeed redundant when tests succeed. However, when they fail, verify provides better output than when() alone.

    Consider a stub of

    when(factory.create(complex parameters)).thenReturn(created1);

    Followed by verify


    If I make a mistake in parameters passed to create(), I end up with error message “Arguments are different” with object1 and null for extra data.

    I now have to go into the debugger to figure out how the arguments are different.

    If I have a verify, Mockito is very good at telling me what was the difference between expected and actual arguments.

    I would love to have a special form of when() and corresponding verifyExpectedStubbing() call to cover this situation.

  56. Kitty says:

    Hello, its nice paragraph concerning media print, we all know media is a impressive source of data.

  57. Wow, fantastic weblog layout! How lengthy have you ever been blogging for?
    you make blogging glance easy. The overall look of your website
    is excellent, as smartly as the content!

  58. Hello there! I could have sworn I’ve visited your blog before but
    after browsing through some of the articles I realized
    it’s new to me. Anyhow, I’m certainly delighted
    I came across it and I’ll be book-marking it and checking back frequently!

  59. First of all I want to say fantastic blog! I had
    a quick question in which I’d like to ask if
    you do not mind. I was interested to know how you center yourself and clear your mind
    before writing. I’ve had a tough time clearing my mind in getting my ideas out there.
    I truly do enjoy writing but it just seems like the first 10 to 15 minutes are usually wasted
    simply just trying to figure out how to
    begin. Any recommendations or hints? Kudos!

  60. Hey There. I found your blog using msn. This is a really well written article.
    I will make sure to bookmark it and return to read more of
    your useful info. Thanks for the post. I will certainly

  61. Instead of selecting the cheapest company, go for a mobile development company that offers security, expertise and support
    at affordable rates. When this code word is texted the
    phone will either start ringing or send back GPS coordinates.
    The tablet that you would draw on is the keep track of alone.

  62. Can you tell us more about this? I’d love to find out more

  63. Brigette says:

    Nice blog here! Also your website loads up fast! What host are you
    using? Can I get your affiliate link to your host?
    I wish my site loaded up as fast as yours lol

  64. Wielce fajowy post, badawcze teksty zalecam wszystkim lekturę

  65. Mandarynki says:

    Twoje Filmy Twoje filmy i seriale online za online
    za free. Premiery zapowiedzi filmowe. Nowości kinowe i
    wiele innych.

  66. Lon says:

    Howdy would you mind stating which blog platform you’re using?
    I’m planning to start my own blog soon but I’m having a tough time making
    a decision between BlogEngine/Wordpress/B2evolution and Drupal.
    The reason I ask is because your design and style seems different then most
    blogs and I’m looking for something unique. P.S My apologies for being off-topic but I had to

  67. press says:

    I’m really enjoying the design and layout of your site. It’s a very easy on the eyes which makes it much more
    pleasant for me to come here and visit more often. Did you hire out a designer to create your theme?
    Fantastic work!

  68. Strona świadczy o interesujących zagadnieniach,
    zachęcam do rozmowy

  69. Strona świadczy o interesujących zagadnieniach, namawiam do rozmowy

  70. euromillions says:

    Wielce fajny post, drobiazgowe wpisy polecam wszystkim literaturę

  71. Strona świadczy o interesujących wydarzeniach,
    namawiam do dyskusji

  72. Strona świadczy o nietypowych wydarzeniach, namawiam do dyskusji

  73. place zabaw says:

    Interesujące spojrzenie na myśl, każdy winien rozczytać i zaznajomić się
    z motywem.

  74. Tom says: Jest to nowy serwis z filmami online bez limitow
    Chcieli bysmy Ciebie serdecznie zaprosic na nasz portal Mozna tam znalezc nowosci filmowe i premiery kinowe.

    Baze filmow uzupelniamy sami caly czas dodajac nowe filmy i poprawiajac nasz portal aby
    byl jak najbardziej uzyteczny dla uzytkownikow.
    Posiadamy na stronie kilka odtwarzaczy zeby zmniejszyc obciazenia serwera
    Nie ma Twojego ulubionego filmu? To nie klopot! Wystarczy do nas napisac
    a po chwili pojawi sie w serwisie ^^
    Nie musisz zakladac konta aby ogladac kazdy film Online!
    bez rejestracji

  75. Niezwykle dobry tekst, polecam wszystkim

  76. Strona świadczy o ciekawych wydarzeniach, zapraszam do dyskusji

  77. Anna says:

    Hi I am so delighted I found your web site, I really found you by error, while I was searching on Digg for something else, Anyhow I
    am here now and would just like to say kudos for a fantastic post and a all
    round entertaining blog (I also love the theme/design), I don’t have
    time to look over it all at the minute but I have book-marked it and
    also added in your RSS feeds, so when I have time I
    will be back to read a great deal more, Please do keep
    up the great work.

  78. Pretty section of content. I just stumbled upon your weblog and in accession capital to assert that I get actually enjoyed account your blog posts.

    Any way I’ll be subscribing to your feeds and even I achievement
    you access consistently fast.

  79. fuck buddies says:

    Have you ever considered publishing an e-book or guest authoring
    on other blogs? I have a blog based upon on the same topics you discuss and
    would really like to have you share some stories/information. I know
    my visitors would appreciate your work. If you’re even remotely interested,
    feel free to send me an email.

  80. Janina says:

    Amazing blog! Is your theme custom made or did you
    download it from somewhere? A design like yours with a few simple adjustements would really make my blog shine.
    Please let me know where you got your design. Bless you

  81. Rudolph says:

    It’s hard to come by experienced people in this particular topic, but you sound like you know what you’re talking about!

  82. Każdy z nas zetknął się z przedmiotem, zalecam zaznajomienie się z

  83. Heya i’m for the first time here. I found this board and I find It truly useful & it helped me out much.

    I hope to give something back and help others like
    you helped me.

  84. Quyen says:

    You’re going to have to find your books on your own. As with all courses, the demands of a hybrid history college course can vary from school to school and professor to professor.
    A 2009 study, Evaluation of Evidence-Based Practices in Online Learning:
    A Meta-Analysis and Writeup on Online Learning Studies, released by the U.

  85. Hello! I simply wish to offer you a huge thumbs
    up for your excellent info you have got right here on this post.

    I’ll be returning to your blog for more soon.

  86. Chante says:

    I always spent my half an hour to read this blog’s articles or reviews daily along with a mug of coffee.

  87. Your short article suggests that you happen to be exceptionally well written and able to write appealing material.

    Can you write for other people? I will hire you on your work (per hour, per piece of writing, .etc).

  88. kserokopiarka gliwice says:

    Treść bliska każdemu, zalecam literaturę

  89. jc whitney says:

    Link exchange is nothing else but it is only placing the other person’s website link on your page at proper
    place and other person will also do same in favor of you.

  90. Strona świadczy o interesujących zagadnieniach, zachęcam do rozmowy

  91. Terra says:

    It also introduces the pills back into the ecosystem.
    Native American Indians used buffalo droppings
    for this purpose, and the indigenous peoples on the continents of Africa,
    Europe, the Middle East, and Asia do the same for poop scooped up
    from the animals with which they share the land. In this case a treatment plant will collect and burn these gases, thus
    producing harmless (and not so smelly) carbon dioxide and water.

  92. We are a gaggle of volunteers and starting
    a brand new scheme in our community. Your site provided
    us with valuable information to work on. You’ve performed
    a formidable activity and our entire group shall be thankful
    to you.

  93. Wielce odlotowy post, badawcze zapisy polecam wszystkim lekturę

  94. says:

    I’m extremely pleased to uncover this web site. I want to to thank you
    for ones time just for this fantastic read!!
    I definitely appreciated every little bit of it and i also have you
    saved to fav to look at new information in your web site.

  95. Free Download Winrar

    is there a difference between asking and telling? | monkey island

  96. epic fails says:

    Very good blog post. I absolutely love this site.
    Thanks!, funny videos epic fails pranks cats compilation 2014

  97. Misty says:

    I see a lot of interesting content on your page. You have to spend
    a lot of time writing, i know how to save you a lot of time, there is a tool that creates unique,
    SEO friendly articles in couple of minutes, just type in google –
    laranita’s free content source

  98. Hello just wanted to give you a brief heads up and let you know a few of the images aren’t loading correctly.
    I’m not sure why but I think its a linking issue.
    I’ve tried it in two different web browsers and both show the
    same results.

  99. There is definately a great deal to know about this issue.
    I love all of the points you have made.

  100. Dave Siacci says:

    PREI claims that no other turn-key operation they have found even approaches IPX for vision, offer, organization, and execution. It is going to take
    time to learn the business and time to build it. You will be able to list properties, manage properties for others, wholesale other investor’s deals, find sellers for other investors, find buyers for other investors, save
    money on purchases and sales and get access to the MLS.

  101. Hi there, I believe your site may be having web browser compatibility
    problems. Whenever I take a look at your web site in Safari,
    it looks fine but when opening in IE, it’s got some overlapping issues.

    I just wanted to give you a quick heads
    up! Besides that, fantastic blog!

  102. Hassan says:

    I visited several sites except the audio feature
    for audio songs current at this web page is in fact excellent.

  103. Litee says:

    Great work! That is the type of info that are supposed to be shared around
    the net. Disgrace on the seek engines for no longer positioning this submit higher!
    Come on over and seek advice from my site .
    Thank you =)

  104. I am really loving the theme/design of your website.
    Do you ever run into any internet browser compatibility issues?

    A number of my blog visitors have complained about my blog not working correctly in Explorer but looks great in Firefox.
    Do you have any recommendations to help fix this

  105. Janie says:

    We’re a group of volunteers and opening a new scheme in our community.
    Your website offered us with valuable information to work on. You’ve done a formidable
    job and our whole community will be grateful to you.

  106. Oma says:

    It’s hard to find your website in google. I found it on 11 spot,
    you should build quality backlinks , it will help you to get more visitors.
    I know how to help you, just type in google – k2 seo tricks

  107. Gilberto says:

    The lawyer may possibly or may possibly not ask to get a fee based on the payment
    you get. s car insurance company will, most likely, deny that their
    client is at fault and offer settlements that aren. If you are familiar with any other attorney who practices in another area, you can always ask him for referral of an auto accident law

  108. Hello, i think that i saw you visited my web site so i
    came to “return the favor”.I am attempting to find things to enhance my
    website!I suppose its ok to use a few of your ideas!!

  109. I loved as much as you will receive carried out right here.
    The sketch is tasteful, your authored material stylish. nonetheless, you command get bought an impatience over that you wish be delivering the following.
    unweell unquestionably come more formerly again since exactly
    the same nearly very often inside case you shield this increase.

  110. Bebe says:

    In the worst of the military anymore. This is not required to work on jobs they undertake.
    And I want you to save money and stress contractor free transaction.
    A project with the end, you’ll contractor need.
    A good contractor should have both liability and litigation costs
    associated with certain requirements like registration with the same opportunities as everyone else, but again, it
    is operated. Or it could be structured under both domestic and international commerce is
    essential to such floorings. By selectingCommercial
    Roofing Palm Beach, have two weeks this is where his work.

  111. There is certainly a great deal to know avout this topic. I love all of the points you have made.

  112. It’s very effortless to find out any topic on web as compared to books, as I
    found this post at this web site.

  113. You are so awesome! I do not think I’ve truly read through a single thing
    like this before. So wonderful to find simebody with
    some original thoughts onn this subject matter.
    Seriously.. many tganks for starting this up.
    Thhis website is one thing that is required on the internet, someone with a bit of originality!

  114. Charolette says:

    Hi colleagues, its great post about teachingand completely explained, keep it up all the

  115. Amanda says:

    Remarkable things here. I am very happy to peer
    your post. Thank you a lot and I am taking a look
    ahead to touch you. Will you please drop me a mail?

  116. At this moment I am going away to do my breakfast, afterward having my breakfast coming again to read additional news.

  117. Suzanne says:

    Hello, for all time i used to check website posts
    here early in the morning, as i like to gain knowledge of more and more.

  118. Sadye says:

    After I originally commented I appear to have clicked the -Notify
    me when new comments are added- checkbox and now each time a comment is added I get four emails with the exact same comment.
    There has to be an easy method you are able to remove me from that service?

    Thank you!

  119. Isabel Marant Sneakers Comprar wholesale Isabel Marant Wedge
    Sneakers High Top Suede Leather Black White NyfzF Ha pubblicato la sua mano che copre
    la bocca, ha chiesto un po ‘di fard Maggie. Pequea 11 anni, madre di Taylor Swift in auto sulla strada,
    uno dopo l’altro, e ha firmato un importante contratto discografico etichetta
    per la terra con la speranza di migliorare le prestazioni presentate.
    Isabella Marant Sneakers isabel marant etoile sweater jdEsc Il deserto
    culinaria e discoteca che è New Cross benvenuto modernizzazione del pub anca
    l’anno scorso. Panini ciabatta tostato, hamburger fatti in casa e pesce e patatine
    sono presenti e corretta nel menu a buon prezzo, ma le vere superstar culinarie
    sono torte artigianali con patatine fritte e piselli e domenica arrosti.
    white leather isabel marant sneakers online store how to tell if
    isabel marant sneakers are real ntMLZ Per evitare ostacoli in stile
    stock è solitamente collegato al ginocchio polaine supportato da una calzatura noto
    balena è caratterizzato da un punto. [16] Il 15 chopine creato in Turchia ed è di solito 8 luglio (il più alto è stato 20,3-17,7.
    isabel marant dresses Isabel Marant Sneakers DZqbO Non importa quanto sia tranquilla la zona in cui vivi non lasciare nulla
    al caso. Potete essere sicuri che il vicino di casa, ma gli assassini, o altrimenti sarebbe stato un vicino di casa a
    chiunque. buy isabel marant shoes news Isabel Marant Willow Suede Sneakers Red Tongue ADVZE Per tutto l’autunno e l’inverno lungo cappotto popolare puntata fase, ma diventa più intenso.
    Se non si possiede un paio di Ugg Clearance Extra
    stili di avvio alti ancora, ora sarebbe il tempo della capitale per mettere
    in relazione uno voi stessi.

    Isabel Marant Bekket Suede Sneakers Gris shop like isabel marant sneakers FTcZz Dunque tu sei sicuramente una causa neve invernale persona.
    Se il pacchetto non era soprattutto prodotti che non avrebbero questa discussione!
    È la confezione e sovraccarico, che è la radice della maggior parte dei
    nostri problemi con spazzatura e vorrei favorire una pintas
    ritorno a casa in bottiglie di vetro come un inizio!
    L’imballaggio in vetro a rendere e molto meno su
    qualcosa aiuterebbe, naturalmente, le banane devono
    fare per essere in sacchetti di plastica?

    Perché cetrioli devono essere saldati? Ritornare alla bei vecchi tempi di prodotti sfusi
    e di fornire sacchetti di carta marrone per loro e
    che sarebbe una grossa parte del problema risolto. Buy Isabel Marant Shoes isabel marant etoile online rUkFR Sono
    ragazze di ogni età a dondolo stampe miste,
    accessori giocosi pensano paraorecchie di eco-pelliccia
    e borse di cani wiener e jeans skinny con rango denim
    colorato alto su ragazzi e ragazze cadono devono
    avere liste. Anche se non vi è carenza di jeans
    di colore da scegliere è il colore più caldo per l’autunno senza dubbio la senape e le sue ruggine molti colleghi tonica..
    isabel marant bekket suede sneakers Black White all white isabel
    marant sneakers BNmjn Fare un gol, non i sacchetti di plastica che i negozi cercano di accettare.

    Se non l’hai già, ottenere una borsa robusta per i vostri acquisti.

  120. Hi there to every one, the contents existing at this website are in fact amazing for people
    experience, well, keep up the nide work fellows.

  121. Virgil says:

    Thank you a lot for sharing this with all of us you
    actually know what you’re speaking approximately!
    Bookmarked. Please also discuss with my website =). We will have a hyperlink alternate contract between us

  122. Montreal movers will impress you with their courteous and knowledgeable professionals,
    not to mention their smooth and personalized service.
    Make sure to wrap delicate items well so that they are not broken in the
    move. For a lot of individuals, relocating is always going to be a
    stressful time.

  123. celine bags for sale
    Howdy would you mind letting me know which webhost you’re using?
    I’ve loaded your blog in 3 different browsers and I must say this blog loads a lot quicker
    then most. Can you recommend a good hosting provider at a reasonable price?
    Thanks a lot, I appreciate it!

  124. Każdy z nas zetknął się z przedmiotem, zalecam zapoznanie się
    z punktem.

  125. Tayla says:

    This design is steller! You definitely know how to keep a reader amused.
    Between your wit and your videos, I was almost moved to start my own blog (well, almost…HaHa!) Excellent job.
    I really enjoyed what you had to say, and more
    than that, how you presented it. Too cool!

  126. Woodrow says:

    Asking questions are genuinely pleasant thing if you are not understanding something totally, however this article offers good understanding yet.

  127. Word – Press calls their free sites, “blogs”, and they have.

    Pros – Cons – In this article we’ve gone over
    the two options that you have for setting up your Word – Press website – hosting on WordPress.
    The main reason to why people use the Word – Press blog is that it offers all the solutions and tools to building a website.

  128. Jerrod says:

    Howdy! I’m at work surfing around your blog from my new
    iphone 4! Just wanted to say I love reading your blog and look forward to all your posts!
    Carry on the superb work!

  129. Ambrose says:

    If you wish for to take a good deal from this piece of writing then you have to
    apply these techniques to your won webpage.

  130. Wouldn’t you rather see that than the real things at work in March of the Penguins.
    To participate in the dolphin habitat you must be at least 5 years of age.
    Whilst it was a bit of a shock initially I think all Sims fans
    should take a look.

  131. Terrific post but I was wanting to know if you could write a litte more on this subject?

    I’d be very thankful if you could elaborate a little bit further.

  132. Nadzwyczaj korzystny wpis, zalecam ludziom

  133. Archie says:

    of course like your website however you have to check the spelling on several of your posts.

    A number of them are rife with spelling issues and I find it very troublesome to tell the reality nevertheless I will definitely come again again.

  134. I like the helpful information you provide for your articles.
    I will bookmark your weblog and take a look at again right here regularly.
    I am reasonably certain I will be told many new stuff proper right here!
    Best of luck for the following!

  135. Wybitnie szałowy post, drobiazgowe zapisy zalecam wszystkim lekturę

  136. Hi it’s me, I am also visiting this site regularly,
    this website is really nice and the viewers are truly sharing good thoughts.

  137. Dannielle says:

    Nice post. I learn something totally new and challenging on websites I stumbleupon everyday.
    It’s always interesting to read through articles from other writers and practice something from their sites.

  138. Howdy!
    Will anyone possess the identical troubles as i complete? I cannot often ever again satisfy my own lover within the sleeping quarters.
    Right after getting a few kids We have misplaced this
    baby-belly extra fat nevertheless I am unable to often re-tighten our vagina.
    I must continually complete other things for making your pet
    happy inside master bedroom because penile sex
    will no longer excites your pet. Guide! We have started
    off investigating solutions and methods to deal with this particular,
    can everyone suggest a fantastic one?
    Thank you!

  139. stomatolog says:

    Każdy z nas zetknął się z problemem, rekomenduję zaznajomienie się z tematem.

  140. What’s Happening i am new to this, I stumbled upon this
    I have discovered It positively useful and it has helped me out loads.

    I hope to contribute & assist different users like its aided
    me. Good job.

  141. This paragraph will assist the internet viewers for setting up new
    webpage or even a weblog from start to end.

  142. France says:

    Great beat ! I would like to apprentice at the same time ass you amend your web site, how could i subscribe for a weblog website?
    The account aided me a acceptable deal. I have been tiny bit familiar of this your broadcast provkded
    brilliant clear concept

  143. Martha says:

    This apps game is a toy that lets you play kitchen with your child.

    Web pages render much quicker as well and there is no lag or
    slowdown when loading apps and navigating menus. This will appeal to young adults in their early 20’s
    and even teenagers who often beg for an i – Phone as their birthday gift.

  144. says:

    Hey there! This is my first comment here so I just wanted to give
    a quick shout out and say I really enjoy reading your blog posts.

    Can you suggest any other blogs/websites/forums that cover the same topics?

    Thank you so much!

  145. Since the admin of this sjte is working, nno doubt very rapidly it
    will be renowned, due to itts quality contents.

  146. you are in reality a just right webmaster. The site loading velocity is amazing.
    It kind of feels that you’re doing any distinctive trick.
    Furthermore, The contents are masterpiece. you have done a
    great task in this subject!

  147. Plac zabaw says:

    Nietuzinkowe spojrzenie na rzecz, każdy winien rozczytać oraz
    zaznajomić się z przedmiotem. Spil – Radość dla naszych pociech – plac zabw

  148. Badawcze wpisy, dobra tematyka Gabinet stomatologinczny w Bytomiu?
    Dentysta Bytom

%d bloggers like this: